HIPAA is the acronym for the 1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. HIPAA enables the following healthcare PII-related protocols:
Transfers and continues health insurance coverage for millions of American workers and their families when they change or lose their jobs
Reduces health care fraud and abuse
Mandates industry-wide standards for health care information on electronic billing and other processes
Requires the protection and confidential handling of protected health information
HIPAA Privacy regulations require health care providers and their business associates to develop and adhere to procedures ensuring the confidentiality and security of protected health information (PHI) during transfer, receipt, handling, or sharing. This applies to all forms of PHI, including paper, oral, and electronic, etc. Under HIPAA, providers and their associates may share only the minimum health information necessary to conduct business.